strain


strain
[[t]stre͟ɪn[/t]]
♦♦♦
strains, straining, strained
1) N-VAR: oft under N, N on n If strain is put on an organization or system, it has to do more than it is able to do.

The prison service is already under considerable strain...

The vast expansion in secondary education is putting an enormous strain on the system.

...the credit crunch caused by strains on the banking system.

Syn:
2) VERB To strain something means to make it do more than it is able to do.

[V n] The volume of scheduled flights is straining the air traffic control system...

[V n] Resources will be further strained by new demands for housing.

Syn:
3) N-UNCOUNT: also N in pl Strain is a state of worry and tension caused by a difficult situation.

She was tired and under great strain.

...the stresses and strains of a busy and demanding career.

Syn:
4) N-SING: a N If you say that a situation is a strain, you mean that it makes you worried and tense.

I sometimes find it a strain to be responsible for the mortgage.

Syn:
5) N-UNCOUNT Strain is a force that pushes, pulls, or stretches something in a way that may damage it.

Place your hands under your buttocks to take some of the strain off your back...

A build-up of strain on a section of the San Andreas Fault has been detected.

6) N-VAR: usu n N Strain is an injury to a muscle in your body, caused by using the muscle too much or twisting it.

Avoid muscle strain by warming up with slow jogging.

...a groin strain.

7) VERB If you strain a muscle, you injure it by using it too much or twisting it.

[V n] He strained his back during a practice session.

8) VERB If you strain to do something, you make a great effort to do it when it is difficult to do.

[V to-inf] I had to strain to hear...

[V to-inf] Several thousand supporters strained to catch a glimpse of the new president...

[V n] They strained their eyes, but saw nothing.

9) VERB When you strain food, you separate the liquid part of it from the solid parts.

[V n] Strain the stock and put it back into the pan.

10) N-SING: with supp You can use strain to refer to a particular quality in someone's character, remarks, or work.

There was a strain of bitterness in his voice.

...this cynical strain in the book.

Syn:
11) N-COUNT: usu N of n A strain of a germ, plant, or other organism is a particular type of it.

Every year new strains of influenza develop.

...a particularly beautiful strain of Swiss pansies.

12) N-PLURAL: usu N of n If you hear the strains of music, you hear music being played. [LITERARY]

She could hear the tinny strains of a chamber orchestra.

13) See also , repetitive strain injury

English dictionary. 2008.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Strain — can refer to: * Strain (biology), a variant of a plant, virus or bacterium; or an inbred animal used for experimental purposes * Strain (chemistry), a chemical stress of a molecule * Strain (continuum mechanics), the deformation of materials… …   Wikipedia

  • Strain — Strain, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Strained}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Straining}.] [OF. estraindre, estreindre, F. [ e]treindre, L. stringere to draw or bind tight; probably akin to Gr. ? a halter, ? that which is squeezwd out, a drop, or perhaps to E. strike …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • străin — STRĂÍN, Ă, străini, e, adj., s.m. şi f. (Persoană) care face parte din populaţia altei ţări decât aceea în care se află sau trăieşte; (om, fiinţă) care este originară din altă regiune, localitate etc. decât aceea în care se află sau locuieşte,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Strain — Strain, n. 1. The act of straining, or the state of being strained. Specifically: [1913 Webster] (a) A violent effort; an excessive and hurtful exertion or tension, as of the muscles; as, he lifted the weight with a strain; the strain upon a ship …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • strain — strain1 [strān] vt. [ME streinen < OFr estraindre, to strain, wring hard < L stringere, to draw tight: see STRICT] 1. to draw or stretch tight 2. to exert, use, or tax to the utmost [to strain every nerve] 3. to overtax; injure by… …   English World dictionary

  • strain# — strain n 1 *variety, subspecies, race, breed, cultivar, clone, stock 2 streak, vein, *touch, suggestion, suspicion, soupçon, tincture, tinge, shade, smack, spice, dash strain vb 1 sprain (see under STRAIN n 2) *demur, scruple, balk, jib, shy,… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • strain — [n1] pain, due to exertion ache, anxiety, bruise, brunt, burden, constriction, effort, endeavor, exertion, force, injury, jerk, pressure, pull, sprain, stress, stretch, struggle, tautness, tension, tensity, twist, wrench; concept 728 Ant. health …   New thesaurus

  • Strain — Strain, n. [See {Strene}.] 1. Race; stock; generation; descent; family. [1913 Webster] He is of a noble strain. Shak. [1913 Webster] With animals and plants a cross between different varieties, or between individuals of the same variety but of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Strain — ストレイン (Sutorein) Type Seinen Genre Action Thèmes Crime Manga Auteurs Buronson (scénario) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Strain — (str[=a]n), v. i. 1. To make violent efforts. Straining with too weak a wing. Pope. [1913 Webster] To build his fortune I will strain a little. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To percolate; to be filtered; as, water straining through a sandy soil. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Strain — bezeichnet: die US amerikanische Schauspielerin Julie Strain den Manga Strain (Manga) von Ryoichi Ikegami Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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